Analysis of Thor

Summary After investigating anomalies in the sky, Jane, Selvig, and Darcy witness a massive phenomenon of rainbow light. Thor and his companions battle the Frost Giants in Jotunheim but are saved by Odin. Thor is banished from Asgard, where he later meets Jane and her friends on Earth. He attempts to reclaim his hammer but fails, leading to his capture by SHIELD. Meanwhile, Loki discovers his true origins and seizes power in Asgard. Thor reunites with Jane and her friends, who help him confront Loki. The Destroyer wreaks havoc in Puente Antiguo, but Thor sacrifices himself to save innocent lives and is resurrected. He defeats the Destroyer and confronts Loki in a battle. The Bifrost energy causes chaos on Earth and Jotunheim. Thor and his friends celebrate their victory, but Thor's longing to return to Earth persists.

Screenplay Story Analysis

Story Critique The overall story of the screenplay is engaging and has a solid foundation. The characters are well-developed, with clear motivations and arcs. Jane's arc is particularly strong, as we see her transform from a curious scientist to a determined and emotionally connected character. Selvig's arc could benefit from more personal stakes and conflicts to make his transformation more compelling. Darcy provides comic relief but could be given more significant challenges to overcome. Thor's character arc is well-represented, but could have been improved by exploring his transformation in more detail. Odin's arc is solid, but could have been further fleshed out with specific examples of how his beliefs and actions change throughout the movie. Loki's arc is well done, but could have benefited from more exploration of his inner motivations and struggles. Sif's arc is well-developed, but could have had more emphasis on her emotions and inner conflicts. Volstagg and Hogun's arcs are solid, but could have benefited from more personal struggles and development. Coulson's arc is adequate, but could be more impactful with a shift in perception of Thor that is further developed. Heimdall's character arc is well-developed overall, but could benefit from more emotional depth and alternative ways to demonstrate his worthiness besides sacrificing himself.
Suggestions: To improve the overall story, consider adding more conflicts and challenges for the characters to overcome. More personal stakes and internal struggles for each character would add depth and complexity to the plot/story. Additionally, exploring the relationships and interactions between characters, especially Thor and Loki, could provide a more dynamic and engaging story. Giving more attention to the emotional journey of each character and their personal growth would enhance the overall plot/story. Finally, providing foreshadowing and clues about character motivations and actions throughout the screenplay would add depth and make the plot/story more cohesive and impactful.

Note: This is the overall critique. For scene by scene critique click here

Characters in the screenplay, and their arcs:


Jane Foster is a brilliant, determined, and curious astrophysicist with a passion for exploration and discovery. She is resourceful, resilient, and not easily swayed by skepticism. Throughout the movie, she demonstrates intelligence, bravery, and an emotional connection to Thor.


Selvig is a knowledgeable, cautious, and experienced scientist who shows concern for the safety of the group as well as supports Jane's research. He is a wise and caring mentor figure who tries to guide and calm Thor. He is initially skeptical of Thor's existence but eventually joins Jane in her mission. Selvig is a rational character who is often guided by scientific explanations, but he also shows a willingness to fight for what he believes in.


Darcy is a quirky, energetic, and enthusiastic intern who is always eager to learn and assist. She is witty, sarcastic, and provides comedic relief to the scenes she's in. She is also loyal and supportive of Jane and Selvig, and is open-minded and willing to entertain new ideas.


Thor is initially fueled by anger, impulsive and hot-headed, often acting before thinking. He is a proud and reckless warrior, struggling to adapt to human society. Throughout the film, he undergoes a transformation and learns the consequences of his actions. He becomes more humble and responsible, displaying his growth and maturity as a character. He is a powerful and selfless hero, willing to sacrifice himself to protect innocent lives.


Odin is a wise and authoritative leader, committed to maintaining peace and balance. He values diplomacy and finding the breach in their defenses. As the Allfather and ruler of Asgard, he is powerful and just, but also burdened by his duties as king. He struggles with balancing his love for his family with his duty to protect Asgard. He is burdened by secrets and tries to protect Loki from the truth, but ultimately must make difficult decisions in the interest of Asgard.


Loki is a complex and conflicted character throughout the movie. He is Thor's adoptive brother who struggles with his loyalty to his family and his desire for power. He is mischievous, manipulative, and cunning, but also shows love for his brother. He is anxious, hesitant, cautious, and logical, but also resourceful and loyal. He is torn between his true origins and his place in the family, and takes on the responsibility of ruling Asgard in Thor's absence. He is driven by jealousy, revenge, and a desire for power and validation. He is a tormented character who fully embraces his villainous nature and faces the consequences of his actions in the end.


Sif is a skilled warrior and loyal friend to Thor, with a strong sense of duty and loyalty to Asgard. She is brave, determined, and fiercely protective of her comrades. Sif is also intelligent and perceptive, often able to see through Loki's lies and manipulations. Despite her strength and courage, she can sometimes be prone to self-doubt and uncertainty, particularly when it comes to matters of the heart.


Volstagg is a humorous and clumsy warrior, but he is fiercely loyal to his friends. He has a large appetite but a caring nature and always eager to fight. Volstagg is a member of Thor's group with a jovial personality, and shows bravery and determination in battle. He is grateful to Loki for saving their lives but still uncertain of him.


Fandral is a charismatic and humorous warrior who is skilled in combat. He is a loyal member of Thor's group and a true adventurer. Fandral is often sarcastic, but his experiences have made him wise and knowledgeable. He is passionate about his beliefs, and he has a natural inclination to help others. Fandral is a resilient fighter who can withstand some of the toughest battles in the harshest of conditions. Although he has a carefree personality that sometimes puts him in trouble, he is truly dedicated to his cause.


Hogun is a serious and cautious warrior in Thor's group, with a determined and brave demeanor in battle. He faces personal struggles throughout the movie but remains practical and decisive. He is quiet and observant, and has suspicions about Loki's involvement in potential betrayal within Asgard. He also shows a rare smile in response to Fandral's banter.


Agent Coulson is a high-ranking and resourceful agent of SHIELD. He is calm, composed, and determined to protect Earth from any threat. He shows sympathy towards Thor and is willing to support him, displaying humor and wit in his dialogue.


Heimdall is a tall, imposing figure with piercing golden eyes and a deep voice. He takes his responsibility as gatekeeper of Asgard very seriously, always keeping a watchful eye over the realm. Despite his gruff exterior, he has a deep sense of loyalty and honor. He is always ready to protect Asgard and its people, even if it means challenging his own allies. He is also deeply conflicted about his relationship with Loki, torn between his loyalty to Asgard and his personal feelings for his childhood friend-turned-enemy.

Character Arc Critique Suggestions
Jane At the beginning of the movie, Jane is a passionate and curious scientist driven by her desire for exploration and discovery. Her encounter with Thor on Earth sparks a connection between them, and she becomes increasingly involved in his journey to save Asgard. Throughout the movie, Jane faces setbacks and challenges but remains determined to help Thor and complete her research. Her emotional connection to Thor grows stronger as she shows bravery in accompanying him to dangerous situations and protecting the townspeople. By the end of the movie, Jane has become an even more resilient and emotionally connected character, working on a way to help Thor find his way back to Asgard. The character arc for Jane is strong and well-developed, showing her growth from a curious scientist to a determined and emotionally connected character. However, there may be room for more conflicts and challenges for Jane to overcome, as she sometimes seems to go along with Thor's plans without much resistance.
One way to improve Jane's character arc is to give her more conflicts and challenges that are intrinsic to her character. For example, her passion for research and discovery could lead her to question Thor's plans and motives, putting her in conflict with him. Additionally, her emotional connection to Thor could be tested by external factors, such as other characters or events that threaten their relationship. This would make her character arc even more dynamic and engaging.
Selvig Selvig starts off as a skeptical scientist who is concerned about Thor's actions. However, he gradually becomes more open-minded and supportive of Jane's convictions, eventually assisting her in finding Thor. Through his interactions with Thor, Selvig learns to trust him and becomes a caring mentor figure for Jane. He also discovers a willingness to fight for what he believes in and becomes a valuable member of the group. The character arc for Selvig is fairly straightforward and lacks significant conflict or challenge to overcome. While he does become more open-minded and supportive, it is not clear what drives this change. It would be more compelling if there were specific events or moments that caused Selvig to shift his perspective. Also, there is little exploration of his personal feelings or motivations beyond his mentorship role with Jane.
To improve Selvig's character arc, it could be helpful to give him more personal stakes in the conflict. Perhaps he has a preconceived bias against Thor for personal or professional reasons that he must overcome. Additionally, more exploration of his own feelings and motivations could help add depth to his character and make his arc more compelling. Finally, having specific events or moments that cause his shift in perspective would add a stronger sense of conflict and resolution to his arc.
Darcy Darcy's character arc revolves around her evolution from a skeptical and humorous intern to a serious and supportive team member. Initially, she takes the situation with Thor and the hammer lightly, seeing it as a joke. However, as she works with Jane and Selvig, she begins to take the research seriously and becomes an essential part of the team. Darcy's practical and somewhat reckless nature is showcased when she accidentally tases Thor, but she also learns to adapt and handle unexpected situations. By the end of the movie, Darcy has proven herself to be a valuable member of the team and has grown in both maturity and responsibility. Overall, Darcy's character arc is well-developed and provides a satisfying evolution of her character. However, it could have been further explored and expanded upon. Her growth is mostly superficial, and there could have been more depth into her personal struggles and motivations. The taser incident could have had more significant repercussions, and there could have been more of a focus on Darcy's growth and development.
To improve Darcy's character arc, it would be helpful to give her more significant conflicts and struggles to overcome. Additional character development would also help solidify her role as a valuable member of the team, beyond just providing comic relief. Additionally, exploring her backstory and motivations could make her more relatable to the audience and help showcase her growth even further. Finally, giving more consequences and follow-up to the taser incident could add more depth to her character and provide more significant character growth opportunities.
Thor Thor's character arc involves his journey of growth and redemption. He starts as an impulsive and hot-headed warrior, fueled by anger and a desire for revenge. He must learn humility and responsibility, becoming more selfless and a true hero. He shows his growth through his willingness to sacrifice himself to protect others and his ability to learn from his mistakes. While Thor's character arc is well-represented in the film, it could have been improved by fleshing out his transformation in more detail. The movie could have showcased more scenes of Thor learning about human society and grappling with the consequences of his actions. This would have added more depth and complexity to his character.
One suggestion for improving Thor's character arc would be to include more scenes of him interacting with humans and learning about their culture. This would help to highlight his transformation and add more depth to his character. Additionally, the film could have played up his struggles with humility and his desire for redemption, which would have made his growth as a character more impactful.
Odin Odin's initial commitment to diplomacy and maintaining peace is challenged when his own sons, Thor and Loki, become involved in a power struggle for the throne. As he grapples with balancing his love for his family with his duty as king, he initially favors Thor and his desire for revenge. However, as he faces the reality of the threat to Asgard, Odin begins to see the importance of finding the breach in their defenses and taking a more strategic approach to protecting their kingdom. He struggles to reconcile his long-held beliefs with the harsh realities of war. In the end, Odin realizes the true meaning of sacrifice and makes a difficult decision to save Asgard from destruction, ultimately passing on the mantle of leadership to Thor. The character arc is solid, but could benefit from more specific examples or scenes to illustrate how Odin's beliefs and actions shift throughout the movie. It would also be interesting to explore more of how Odin's internal conflicts affect his relationships and interactions with other characters, particularly Thor and Loki.
Consider adding scenes or conversations that showcase more of Odin's internal conflicts and the impact they have on his relationships with his sons. Adding specific examples of how his beliefs and actions change throughout the movie could also deepen his character development. Additionally, exploring his relationships with other characters, such as Frigga and other members of Asgard, could provide a more well-rounded portrayal of Odin.
Loki Loki's character arc can be described as a descent into villainy. At the beginning, he is a conflicted but loyal character who accompanies Thor on his quest to Jotunheim. He is a mediator and strategist who uses subtlety and intelligence to achieve their goals. He is resourceful and saves himself from danger. He is conflicted about his true origins and his place in the family. As the movie progresses, he becomes more manipulative and treacherous, betraying Thor and causing chaos. He seeks power and validation, and is willing to destroy entire races to fulfill his goals. He fully embraces his villainous nature and faces the consequences of his actions in the end. The character arc is well done and fits in with the overall themes of the movie. However, it would have been better if the movie had explored more of Loki's inner motivations and struggles. It would have been interesting to see more of his conflicted feelings and how they ultimately led to his descent into villainy. Additionally, the movie sometimes portrays Loki as too one-dimensional, with only his desire for power and validation driving his actions. It would have been more compelling if the movie had shown more of his complexity and inner turmoil.
To improve the character arc, the movie could have delved deeper into Loki's inner motivations and struggles. It could have shown more of his conflicted feelings and how they ultimately led to his descent into villainy. Additionally, the movie could have explored more of his complexity as a character, rather than portraying him as purely power-hungry. This would have made his arc more compelling and nuanced. The movie could have also provided more foreshadowing and clues about his eventual betrayal, which would have made his actions more impactful.
Sif At the beginning of the screenplay, Sif is primarily concerned with upholding the laws of Asgard and maintaining the status quo. However, upon seeing Thor's bravery and dedication to his mission, she begins to question her own loyalty to the establishment. As she fights alongside Thor and witnesses the destruction wrought by Loki's deceit, Sif becomes increasingly disillusioned with her traditional values and eventually sides with Thor in overthrowing Odin, recognizing that the old ways must give way to something new and better. Throughout the course of the story, Sif's arc is one of personal growth, transformation, and self-discovery, learning to trust in her own instincts and strengths as she fights for what is right. The character arc is well done overall, but could benefit from more clarity and emphasis on Sif's emotions and inner conflicts as she goes through her transformation. It would also be interesting to explore her relationship with Thor more deeply and how it informs her decisions and beliefs about justice and loyalty.
To improve the character arc, the screenplay could include more scenes that highlight Sif's personal struggles and doubts, as well as more moments of intimacy and vulnerability between her and Thor. This could help to deepen her character and make her transformation more compelling and relatable for audiences.
Volstagg Volstagg initially shows concern for Thor's plan and is shocked by the chaos in the banquet hall, but ultimately agrees to go with him. Throughout the movie, he faces personal struggles but remains a loyal companion to Thor and helps save Fandral and protects his friends. He showcases his strength and resilience in battle, but also engages in lighthearted banter with Fandral. His arc culminates in his pride in his battle with the Destroyer, and his acceptance of Loki as a trustworthy ally. The arc is solid, but could benefit from Volstagg having a more defined personal struggle that is resolved by the end of the movie. As it is, his main struggle seems to be his uncertainty around Loki, but this is not resolved in a clear way. Additionally, his humor and clumsiness could be toned down slightly to create a more well-rounded character.
To improve the character arc, perhaps have Volstagg struggle with something more personal to him, such as doubts about his own abilities as a warrior. This could play into a larger theme of self-doubt and finding one's own strength. Additionally, the humor and clumsiness can stay as part of his character, but could be toned down slightly to make him a more nuanced character.
Fandral Fandral's character arc in the screenplay is an exploration of his loyalty and courage. Initially, Fandral is a loyal friend who is dedicated to Thor and his cause. However, he starts to doubt Loki's true intentions and becomes torn between his loyalty and the desperate need for action. As the story progresses, Fandral overcomes his doubts and becomes a passionate warrior who is willing to do whatever it takes to save his friends and the realm. His humor and sarcasm become his coping mechanism, and they enable him to keep the morale of his companions high in dire situations. Fandral's character is a bit underdeveloped, and there aren't enough moments that showcase his unique traits. Although he is supposed to be a charismatic and humorous adventurer, those traits are not prominent enough in the screenplay. Additionally, his doubts about Loki's true intentions seem to be resolved quite easily without much struggle or depth. The character could benefit from more moments that highlight his comedic side and his natural talents as an adventurer.
To improve Fandral's character arc, the screenplay could explore his comedic traits more deeply. For instance, a scene that showcases his talents as a storyteller or his quick wit could add more depth to his character. Additionally, his doubts about Loki's true intentions could be explored with more nuance and complexity. The screenplay could show the internal struggle that Fandral is going through as he tries to reconcile his loyalty with his instincts. Overall, Fandral's character could be more well-rounded if the screenplay gives him more opportunities to shine.
Hogun Hogun's character arc begins with him being a serious and cautious warrior, following orders and warning his comrades about the consequences of defying their father. As the movie progresses, he faces personal struggles and shows determination and bravery in the face of danger. He gradually becomes more and more suspicious of Loki's actions and recognizes the need to find Thor despite the risks. Ultimately, in the final battle, Hogun fully embraces his leadership role and helps lead his comrades to victory. Hogun's character arc overall is well-executed, but it could benefit from more focus on his personal struggles earlier on. Additionally, his suspicions about Loki's actions could be more fleshed out and given more weight throughout the movie.
To improve Hogun's character arc, the movie could add more scenes of him struggling personally with the dangers they face and his suspicions about Loki's involvement. Additionally, his suspicions could be given more weight by having them impact the plot more significantly, like leading to important discoveries or conflicts. Overall, the movie could benefit from giving Hogun a bit more attention to fully flesh out his character arc and impact within the story.
Coulson As the movie progresses, Coulson's arc involves a shift in his perception of Thor. Initially tasked with coordinating the defense against Thor and his hammer, Coulson eventually realizes Thor's intentions and shows sympathy towards him. This change of heart leads Coulson to become an ally of Thor, providing resources for his research and working towards a common goal of protecting Earth from external threats. The character arc for Coulson is adequate, but it could be more impactful. The shift in his perception of Thor feels somewhat abrupt and could be further developed, perhaps through more interactions between the two characters. Additionally, Coulson's arc could benefit from more personal stakes, such as a personal connection to Thor or a greater threat to SHIELD's operations.
To improve Coulson's character arc, consider adding more scenes that show his initial skepticism towards Thor and the events that lead him to change his perception. Introducing personal stakes for Coulson, such as a connection with Thor or a greater threat to SHIELD's operations, could also add more depth to his character arc.
Heimdall Heimdall starts off as a fiercely loyal gatekeeper, but becomes increasingly disillusioned as he realizes the depth of Loki's betrayal. When he finally confronts Loki, he is ultimately betrayed once again, forcing him to take drastic action. He uses his strength and cunning to outsmart his enemies and protect those he loves, ultimately sacrificing himself for the greater good. In doing so, he earns the trust and respect of his fellow Asgardians, proving that he is more than just a gatekeeper. Heimdall's character arc is well-developed overall, but it could benefit from more emotional depth. While he is clearly torn between his loyalty to Asgard and his feelings for Loki, these emotions are not explored in great detail. Additionally, the final sacrifice feels somewhat forced and unnecessary, as there could be other ways for Heimdall to demonstrate his worthiness. Finally, some of Heimdall's actions seem inconsistent with his character, such as his willingness to turn against Odin in the beginning.
To improve Heimdall's arc, consider delving deeper into his emotional conflict and exploring his motivations more fully. It might also be helpful to provide more context for his actions, showing how his loyalty to Asgard and his personal relationships impact his decisions. Finally, consider alternative ways for Heimdall to demonstrate his worthiness besides sacrificing himself.

Goals and Philosophical Conflict
internal Goals The protagonist's internal goals in the screenplay are focused on understanding, self-discovery, and validation.
External Goals The protagonist's external goals in the screenplay are centered around exploration, protection, and personal growth.
Philosophical Conflict The overarching philosophical conflict in the screenplay revolves around the tension between duty and personal desires, the nature of power, and the significance of family bonds.

Character Development Contribution: The goals and conflict contribute to the protagonist's development by challenging their beliefs, values, and worldviews, and pushing them to reflect on their actions, grow, and make significant choices.

Narrative Structure Contribution: The goals and conflict contribute to the narrative structure by driving the plot forward and creating tension, conflict, and suspense. They serve as catalysts for the protagonist's actions and drive the story towards its climax and resolution.

Thematic Depth Contribution: The goals and conflict contribute to the thematic depth of the screenplay by exploring profound themes such as identity, power, duty, redemption, family, and the nature of heroism. They invite viewers to reflect on moral and philosophical questions and delve into the complex motivations and psychological journeys of the characters.

Screenwriting Resources on Goals and Philosophical Conflict


Site Description
Creative Screenwriting How Important Is A Character’s Goal?
Studio Binder What is Conflict in a Story? A Quick Reminder of the Purpose of Conflict

YouTube Videos

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How I Build a Story's Philosophical Conflict How do you build philosophical conflict into your story? Where do you start? And how do you develop it into your characters and their external actions. Today I’m going to break this all down and make it fully clear in this episode.
Endings: The Good, the Bad, and the Insanely Great By Michael Arndt: I put this lecture together in 2006, when I started work at Pixar on Toy Story 3. It looks at how to write an "insanely great" ending, using Star Wars, The Graduate, and Little Miss Sunshine as examples. 90 minutes
Tips for Writing Effective Character Goals By Jessica Brody (Save the Cat!): Writing character goals is one of the most important jobs of any novelist. But are your character's goals...mushy?